Bosanski franjevci i njihovi predstavnici na osmanskoj PortiKursar, VjeranIn order to acquire fermans and other documents that defined the rights and privileges of Bosnian Catholics, the Franciscans not only needed considerable financial funds but also required diplomatic ... skills to deal with lower local authorities, the Bosnian vezir, and in some situations, the Porte as well. Whilst undertaking negotiations, the Franciscans usually acted independently in dealings with local authorities. However when communicating with higher authorities they often involved laymen throughout the mediation process, be they local traders with connections in Istanbul, to diplomatic representatives from Catholic states at the Porte. Most often the agents engaged, were representatives of states which had right of spiritual patronageover Ottoman Catholics, recognized by the Porte - France, Austria andthe Holy See. A special role was played by an Ottoman vassal and the centreof the Roman Holy Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith for the Balkans since 1623 - the Republic of Dubrovnik (Ragusa), which had vast influence on the state of Catholicism in the European part of the Ottoman Empire. In the mid-19th century, during the age of Tanzimat reforms and modernization, the situation changed drastically. One of the measures introduced brought equality to all citizens of the Ottoman Empire before the law, without distinction of faith. Accordingly, for the first time, non-Muslimcommunities were granted full freedom of action. Under these new circumstances, the leadership of the Franciscan Province of Bosna Srebrena (Bosna Argentina), made a decision to establish a permanent representative mission in the Ottoman capital Istanbul. In 1845, as a result of efforts of Fr. Filip Pašalic (1806-1861), Bosnian Franciscans acquired their first base in a village of Polish emigrants, Adamköy (today's Polonezköy), some 30 km away from Istanbul. Seven years later, the Franciscans bought the Church of St. George with a monastery building in the Galata quarter of Istanbul. They retained the mission in Istanbul until 1882, when, following the Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia-Herzegovina, a need for a representativein the Ottoman capital ceased to exist.Izvor: Prilozi za orijentalnu filologiju = Revue de philologie orientale. - ISSN 0555-1153 (Vol. 60, 2010, str. -408)Vrsta građe - članak, sastavni dio ; odrasli, ozbiljna (nije lijepa knjiž.)Godina - 2011Jezik - hrvatskiCOBISS.BH-ID - 19467782
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