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  • Montan wax improves performance of boron-based wood preservatives
    Lesar, Boštjan ; Kralj, Polonca, 1976- ; Humar, Miha
    Importance of boron compounds in wood preservation is increasing due to their low environmental impact, high efficacy and the fact that many other active ingredients have been removed from the market ... after the introduction of the Biocidal Products Directive. The most important drawback of boron is prominentleaching in wet environment. In order to improve their fixation, and performance against wood decay fungi, boric acid was combined with montan wax emulsion. Possible synergistic effects of boric acid and montan wax were determined according to modified EN 113 procedure. Norway spruce and beech wood specimens were exposed to three white rot (Trametes versicolor, Pleurotusostreatus and Hypoxylon fragiforme) and brown rot wood decay fungi (Gloeophyllum trabeum, Antrodia vaillantii and Serpula lacrymans) for 12 weeks. Boron leaching from vacuum/pressure treated Norway spruce wood was determined according to the continuous (EN 84 and ENV 1250-2) and non-continuous (OECD and prCEN/ TS 15119-1) procedures. Boron was determined with ICP mass spectrometry in collected leachates. The results of the fungicidal tests clearly showed that montan wax emulsion and boric acid act synergistically against tested wood decay fungi. Approximately 50% lower boricacid retentions are required in combination with montan wax emulsions to achieve sufficient protection against wood rotting fungi. However, it is even more important that all leaching tests performed proved that the addition of montan wax decreased boron leaching from impregnated specimens for 20% up to 50%.
    Source: International biodeterioration & biodegradation. - ISSN 0964-8305 (Vol. 63, no. 3, 2009, str. 306-310)
    Type of material - article, component part ; adult, serious
    Publish date - 2009
    Language - english
    COBISS.SI-ID - 1687945