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  • Mouse knockout of the cholesterogenic cytochrome P450 lanosterol 14[alpha]-Demethylase (CYP51) resembles Antley-Bixler syndrome
    Keber, Rok, univ. dipl. biol., 1982- ...
    Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS) represents a group of heterogeneous disorders characterized by skeletal, cardiac and urogenital abnormalities that have frequently been associated with mutations in ... fibroblast growth factor receptor2 or cytochrome P450 reductase genes. In some ABS patients, reduced activity of the cholesterogenic cytochrome P450 CYP51A1, an ortholog of the mouse CYP51, and accumulation of lanosterol and 24,25-dihydrolanosterol has been reported, but the role of CYP51A1 in the ABS etiology has remained obscure. To test whether Cyp51 could be involved in generating an ABS-like phenotype, a mouse knockout model was developed that exhibited several prenatal ABS-like features leading to lethality at embryonic day 15. Cyp51(-/-) mice had no functional Cyp51 mRNA and no immunodetectable CYP51 protein. The two CYP51 enzyme substrates (lanosterol and 24,25-dihydrolanosterol) were markedly accumulated. Cholesterol precursors downstream of the CYP51 enzymatic step were not detected, indicating that the targeting in this study blocked de novo cholesterol synthesis. This was reflected in the up-regulation of 10 cholesterol synthesis genes, with the exception of 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase. Lethality was ascribed to heart failure due to hypoplasia, ventricle septum, epicardial and vasculogenesis defects, suggesting that Cyp51 deficiency was involved in heart development and coronary vessel formation. As the most likely downstream molecular mechanisms, alterations were identified in the sonic hedgehog and retinoic acid signaling pathways. Cyp51 knockout mice provide evidence that Cyp51 is essential for embryogenesis and present a potential animal model for studying ABS syndrome in humans.
    Source: The Journal of biological chemistry. - ISSN 0021-9258 (Vol. 286, no. 33, Aug. 2011, str. 29086-29097)
    Type of material - article, component part ; adult, serious
    Publish date - 2011
    Language - english
    COBISS.SI-ID - 28610009

source: The Journal of biological chemistry. - ISSN 0021-9258 (Vol. 286, no. 33, Aug. 2011, str. 29086-29097)
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