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  • Hypoxia mimetic deferoxamine influences the expression of histone acetylation- and DNA methylation- associated genes in osteoblasts
    Vrtačnik, Peter, 1984- ; Marc, Janja ; Ostanek, Barbara, 1972-
    Purpose of the study: Sufficient oxygen supply to bone tissue is essential for normal bone development and efficient bone repair. Hypoxia and hypoxia-inducible factor 1Ž (HIF1Ž) signaling pathway ... have been shown to exhibit profound effects on proliferation, differentiation as well as gene and protein expression in osteoblasts, osteoclasts and mesenchymal stem cells; however, as epigenetic mechanisms also perform an important regulatory role in these cells, our aim was to elucidate whether hypoxia mimetic deferoxamine could influence epigenetic mechanisms in bone cells by modulating the gene expression levels of chromatin-modifying enzymes. Materials and methods: Osteoblast cell line HOS was exposed to deferoxamine, a widely used hypoxia mimetic, and expression profile of 40 genes associated with histone acetylation, deacetylation and DNA methylation was determined using quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) array followed by individual qPCR analyses. In addition, genes associated with hypoxia response,RANK/RANKL/OPG system, WNT/Ž-catenin signaling pathway and oxidative stress were also analyzed. Results: We observed induced expression of histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) and suppressed expression of K(lysine) acetyltransferase 5 (KAT5) and DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) demonstrating for the first time that expression of genes encoding chromatin-modifying enzymes could be influenced by hypoxia mimetic in HOS cells. Conclusions: Based on our results we can conclude that hypoxia mimetic deferoxamine influences expression of histone acetylation- and DNA methylation-associated genes in osteoblasts and that further studies of hypoxia-induced epigenetic changes in bone cells should be undertaken.
    Source: Connective tissue research. - ISSN 0300-8207 (Vol. 56, no. 3, June 2015, str. 228-235)
    Type of material - article, component part
    Publish date - 2015
    Language - english
    COBISS.SI-ID - 3879793

source: Connective tissue research. - ISSN 0300-8207 (Vol. 56, no. 3, June 2015, str. 228-235)
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