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  • Non-intrusive privacy-preserving approach for presence monitoring based on WiFi probe requests [Elektronski vir]
    Simončič, Aleš, 1997- ...
    Monitoring the presence and movements of individuals or crowds in a given area can provide valuable insight into actual behavior patterns and hidden trends. Therefore, it is crucial in areas such as ... public safety, transportation, urban planning, disaster and crisis management, and mass events organization, both for the adoption of appropriate policies and measures and for the development of advanced services and applications. In this paper, we propose a non-intrusive privacy-preserving detection of people’s presence and movement patterns by tracking their carried WiFi-enabled personal devices, using the network management messages transmitted by these devices for their association with the available networks. However, due to privacy regulations, various randomization schemes have been implemented in network management messages to prevent easy discrimination between devices based on their addresses, sequence numbers of messages, data fields, and the amount of data contained in the messages. To this end, we proposed a novel de-randomization method that detects individual devices by grouping similar network management messages and corresponding radio channel characteristics using a novel clustering and matching procedure. The proposed method was first calibrated using a labeled publicly available dataset, which was validated by measurements in a controlled rural and a semi-controlled indoor environment, and finally tested in terms of scalability and accuracy in an uncontrolled crowded urban environment. The results show that the proposed de-randomization method is able to correctly detect more than 96% of the devices from the rural and indoor datasets when validated separately for each device. When the devices are grouped, the accuracy of the method decreases but is still above 70% for rural environments and 80% for indoor environments. The final verification of the non-intrusive, low-cost solution for analyzing the presence and movement patterns of people, which also provides information on clustered data that can be used to analyze the movements of individuals, in an urban environment confirmed the accuracy, scalability and robustness of the method. However, it also revealed some drawbacks in terms of exponential computational complexity and determination and fine-tuning of method parameters, which require further optimization and automation.
    Vir: Sensors [Elektronski vir]. - ISSN 1424-8220 (Vol. 23, iss. 5, [article no.] 2588, Mar. 2023, str. 1-27)
    Vrsta gradiva - e-članek ; neleposlovje za odrasle
    Leto - 2023
    Jezik - angleški
    COBISS.SI-ID - 143286531