VSE knjižnice (vzajemna bibliografsko-kataložna baza podatkov COBIB.SI)
  • Overall severe morbidity after chemo-radiation therapy and magnetic resonance imaging-guided adaptive brachytherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer : results from the EMBRACE-I study
    Schwartz Vittrup, Anders ...
    Purpose: To evaluate overall severe late morbidity (grade ≥3) in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer treated with chemo-radiation therapy and magnetic resonance image guided adaptive ... brachytherapy within the prospective EMBRACE-I study, and to compare the results with published literature after standard radiograph based brachytherapy (BT). Methods and materials: From 2008 to 2015 the EMBRACE-I study enrolled 1416 patients. Morbidity was assessed (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0) every 3 months the 1st year, every 6 months the second and third year, and yearly thereafter and 1251 patients had available follow-up on late morbidity. Morbidity events (grade 3-5) were summarized as the maximum grade during follow-up (crude incidence rates) and actuarial estimates at 3 and 5 years. To compare with the published literature on standard radiograph based BT, Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events scores from the EMBRACE-I study were retrospectively converted into a corresponding score in the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer system. Results: In total, 534 severe events occurred in 270 patients; 429 events were grade 3 and 105 were grade 4 events. Actuarial estimates for grade ≥3 gastrointestinal (GI), genitourinary (GU), vaginal and fistula events at 5 years were 8.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.9%-10.6%), 6.8% (95% CI, 5.4%-8.6%), 5.7% (95% CI, 4.3%-7.6%), and 3.2% (95% CI, 2.2%-4.5%), respectively. The 5-year actuarial estimate for organ-related events (GI, GU, vaginal, or fistula) was 18.4% (95% CI, 16.0%-21.2%). The 5-year actuarial estimate when aggregating all G≥3 endpoints (GI, GU, vaginal, fistulas, and non-GI/GU/vaginal) was 26.6% (95% CI, 23.8%-29.6%). Thirteen patients had a treatment-related death, 8 of which were associated with GI morbidity. Conclusions: This report assesses severe morbidity from the largest prospective study on chemo-radiation therapy and image guided adaptive brachytherapy for locally advanced cervical cancer to date. Severe late morbidity was limited per endpoint and organ category, but considerable when aggregated across organs and all endpoints. The late morbidity results in the EMBRACE-I study compare favorably with published literature on standard radiograph based BT for GI morbidity, vaginal morbidity, and fistulas.
    Vrsta gradiva - članek, sestavni del ; neleposlovje za odrasle
    Leto - 2023
    Jezik - angleški
    COBISS.SI-ID - 144185091