Clostridioides difficile ribotype distribution in a large teaching hospital in Serbia [Elektronski vir]Korać, Miloš ...Background: The global epidemic of nosocomial diarrhea caused by Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile started in 2000, with high mortality rates and emergence of a new hypervirulent strain ... NAP1/BI/027. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of ribotype 027 and other C. difficile ribotypes in a Serbian University Hospital, compare the temporal variability of ribotypes 3 years apart, as well as to compare clinical, demographic and laboratory characteristics and disease outcome among patients infected with 027 and non-027 ribotype. This was a prospective observational cohort study addressing 4-month intervals during 2014/2015 and 2017/2018. Results: Ribotyping was performed in 64 non-duplicate C. difficile strains. Ribotype 027 was the most prevalent, and was detected in 53 (82.8%) patients (43/45 and 10/19 patients in 2014-2015 and 2017/2018, respectively). Other detected ribotypes were 001/072 in 4 (6.3%), 002 in 4 (6.3%), 014/020 in 2 (3.1%) and 176 in 1 (1.5%) patient. The percentage of the patients infected with ribotype 027 significantly decreased during the 3-year period, from 95.6 to 52.6% (p < 0.001). Ribotype 027 infection was associated with fluoroquinolone treatment more frequently than infection with other ribotypes [33 (62.3%) vs. 2 (18.2%), p = 0.010)]. A severe C. difficile infection was diagnosed more often in patients with the detected ribotype 027 compared to those infected with non-027 ribotypes (p = 0.006). No significant difference in the mortality and recurrence rates was found between the patients infected with ribotype 027 and those infected with other ribotypes [10/53 (18.8%) vs. 2/11 (18.2%), p = 0.708, and 10/35 (28.6%) vs. 0/2 (0%), p = 1.000, respectively]. Conclusion: Clostridium difficile ribotype 027 was the most prevalent ribotype among patients in a large Serbian hospital, but there is a clear decreasing trend.Vir: Gut pathogens. - ISSN 1757-4749 (Vol. 12, art. no. 26, May 2020, str. 1-6)Vrsta gradiva - e-članekLeto - 2020Jezik - angleškiCOBISS.SI-ID - 26265603
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|Ime baze podatkov||Področje||Leto|
|Povezave do osebnih bibliografij avtorjev||Povezave do podatkov o raziskovalcih v sistemu SICRIS|
|Rupnik, Maja, 1967-||12278|
|Nikolić, Nataša, medicina|
|Jovanović, Milica, mikrobiologija|
|Mitrović, Nikola, medicina|
|Marković, Marko, medicina|
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