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  • Toxicity to Daphnia magna and Vibrio fischeri of Kraft bleach plant effluents treated by catalytic wet-air oxidation
    Pintar, Albin ...
    Two Kraft-pulp bleaching effluents from a sequence of treatments which include chlorine dioxide and caustic soda were treated by catalytic wet-air oxidation (CWAO) at T=463 K in trickle-bed and ... batch-recycle reactors packed with either TiO2 extrudates or Ru(3 wt%)žTiO2 catalyst. Chemical analyses (TOC removal, color, HPLC) and bioassays (48-h and 30-min acute toxicity tests using Daphnia magna and Vibrio fischeri, respectively) were used to get information about the toxicity impact of the starting effluents and of the treated solutions. Under the operating conditions, complex organic compounds are mostly oxidized into carbon dioxide and water, along with short-chain carboxylic acids. Bioassays were found as a complement to chemical analyses for ensuring the toxicological impact on the ecosystem. In spite of a large decrease of TOC, the solutions of end products were all more toxic to Daphnia magna than the starting effluents by factors ranging from 2 to 33. This observation is attributed to the synergistic effects of acetic acid and salts present in the solutions. On the other hand, toxicity reduction with respect to Vibrio fischeri was achievedČ detoxification factors greater than unity were measured for end-product solutions treated in the presence of the Ru/TiO2 catalyst, suggesting the absence of cumulative effect for this bacteria, or a lower sensitivity to the organic acids and salts. Bleach plant effluents treated by the CWAO process over the RužTiO2 catalyst were completely biodegradable.
    Vir: Water research. - ISSN 0043-1354 (Vol. 38, no. 2, 2004, Str. 289-300)
    Vrsta gradiva - članek, sestavni del
    Leto - 2004
    Jezik - angleški
    COBISS.SI-ID - 2949914

vir: Water research. - ISSN 0043-1354 (Vol. 38, no. 2, 2004, Str. 289-300)