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  • The role of rheology of polymer solutions in predicting nanofiber formation by electrospinning
    Rošic Danko, R. ...
    Electrospun polymer nanofibers are gaining increasing importance in tissue engineering, wound dressing and drug delivery. Here, we present a thorough rheological study of polymer solutions in the ... bulk and at the interface to find correlations between those properties and the electrospinnability of the solutions and the morphology of the resultant nanofibers. Our results indicate that blended solutions of chitosan or alginate with poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO) are appropriate for electrospinning when they form conductive, unstructured fluids displaying plasticity, rather than elasticity, in the bulk and at the interface. The interfacial rheological parameters are three orders of magnitude lower than those in the bulk. We demonstrate for the first time that interfacial, rather than bulk, rheological parameters show improved correlation and can be used to predict the success of the electrospinning process. Using the interfacial parameters of samples with homologous compositions, different groups of solutions can be identified that form smooth nanofibers. However, rheological parameters of the bulk and at the interface provide complimentary information. The bulk parameters are determined by polymer concentration and directly affect jet initiation, while the interfacial behaviour determines the continuation of the jet and fibre formation. We propose that interfacial parameters are indispensible tools for the design of electrospinning experiments.
    Vir: European Polymer Journal. - ISSN 0014-3057 (Vol. 48, iss. 8, 2012, str. 1374-1384)
    Vrsta gradiva - članek, sestavni del
    Leto - 2012
    Jezik - angleški
    COBISS.SI-ID - 3248753

vir: European Polymer Journal. - ISSN 0014-3057 (Vol. 48, iss. 8, 2012, str. 1374-1384)