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  • Titanium containing microporous/mesoporous composite (Ti,Al)-Beta/MCM-41 : synthesis and characterization
    Mrak, Maja, 1975- ...
    Hydrothermally stable titanium containing microporous/mesoporous composite (Ti,Al)-Beta/MCM-41 was synthesized hydrothermally in the presence of structure-directing agents cetyltrimethylammonium ... bromide (CTABr) and tetraethyl ammonium hydroxide (TEAOH). XRD analysis and analysis of nitrogen adsorption isotherm confirmed the presence of micropores and mesopores in the composite. HRTEM microscopic studies revealed that micro- and mesoporosity of the composite was not due to the mechanical mixture of microporous (Ti,Al)-Beta and mesoporous (Ti,Al)-Beta/MCM-41. The local environment of titanium incorporated into the microporousžmesoporous silicate material was investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. XANES studies showed the presence of tetrahedrally coordinated Ti4+ cations in the template-free sample. EXAFS analysis revealed that titanium cations were coordinated to four oxygens in the first coordination shell at a distance of 1.84 A. In the second coordination sphere one and two silicon atoms were found at the distances 3.12 A and 3.51 A, respectively. These results indicated framework Ti and thus the presence of Ti oxidation centers within the composite material. NMR investigations showed that Bronsted and Lewis acid sites related to framework aluminum were generated by the removal of potassium and sodium ions from the (Ti,Al)-BetažMCM-41 pores. The new composite material was preliminarily tested in the oxidation reaction. Titanium leaching from the composite was not observed.
    Vrsta gradiva - članek, sestavni del
    Leto - 2006
    Jezik - angleški
    COBISS.SI-ID - 3571226