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  • Public reform paradoxes and the old effectivness-efficiency problem
    Pečarič, Mirko
    Although effectiveness and efficiency are old comrades of public administrations, they still often cause unintended consequences. The paper addresses the success/failure of reforms and the outcomes ... thereof. It claims the core problem of rational decision-making lies not in rationality per se, but in a lack of concept and/or insufficient attention to the behaviour of complex adaptive systems. With the help of complex adaptive systems, cybernetics, and combinations of effectiveness and efficiency, the paper presents the essential elements for adaptive (human) decision-making (such as diversity, variation, selection, adaptation, and integration), as the framework whereby unintended, reverse, and neutral effects can be reduced. New rules/decisions should be based on different levels of planning and adaptation, and on moving from the general to the more specific, in accordance with context specificity and unplanned, emergent things. It seems the hardest thing to address is the human character that does not (want to) recognise a situation as the situation in which some things must be spotted, evaluated, and changed if needed.
    Vrsta gradiva - članek, sestavni del
    Leto - 2018
    Jezik - angleški
    COBISS.SI-ID - 5260462