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  • Prenos in preprečevanje okužb v domovih za ostarele = Infection prevention and control in residential homes
    Lotrič-Furlan, Stanka ; Škerl, Marjeta ; Lužnik-Bufon, Tatjana
    The incidence of infection in residential homes is high. The residents are more susceptible to infections because of impaired immunity, chronic illnesses, and frequent hospitalization. The principal ... source of infection arepatients and more rarely residents colonized by resistant bacteria. The most important way of spreading infection are hands of medical and nursing staff and of residents in residential homes. Other ways of spreading infections are much rarer. Different viruses, bacteria and some other microorganisms may be the etiological agents of infections. The most frequent are infections of respiratory tract urinary tract skin and subcutaneous tissue, and infections of gastrointestinal tract. The use of antibiotics are frequently inadequate and unnecessary. ResidentiaI homes can be the reservoir of some resistant bacteria such as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureusand vancomycin resistant enterococcus. Residents colonized mymethicillinresistant S. aureus do not present a risk for other residents of the residential home if strict preventive measures are implemented. The most important measures for infection prevention and control in residential homes are handwashing and active immunization of residents. Vaccination against influenza and pneumococcal infections are recommended. Residential homes should have the guidelines for infection prevention and control, as is recommended by the Law for infectious diseases of the Republic of Slovenia.
    Vrsta gradiva - prispevek na konferenci
    Leto - 2002
    Jezik - slovenski
    COBISS.SI-ID - 15290329